GORKI

GORKI (until 1932 and again from 1992 Nizhni Novgorod), city on the Volga River, Belorussia. It served as an entrepôt for the merchants of Russia and Russian Central Asia from the early 19th century. From 1835 Jewish merchants were permitted to attend its celebrated fairs where they were allowed to purchase goods and, with the exception of imported articles, sell them wholesale. A permanent Jewish community was founded by soldiers discharged from the army of Nicholas I (see cantonists ), and in 1873 received permission to maintain a house of worship. On June 7, 1884, pogroms resulting in murder and looting broke out in Kanavino, a suburb of the city. The Jewish community of Gorki numbered 2,377 in 1897 (2.5% of the total population). It increased during World War I when refugees from the war zone arrived there, and in 1926 numbered 9,328 (5.2% of the total). In 1939 there were 14,319 Jews in Gorki (2.2%). According to the census of 1959 the Jewish population of Gorki district was 17,827; the majority apparently lived in the capital. In 1970 the Jewish population was estimated at about 30,000. Most left for Israel and the West during the mass emigration of the 1990s. There was a Jewish cemetery, but no synagogue. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • GORKI (M.) — Immense est le prestige de Maxime Gorki. Et l’ambiguïté que sa gloire présente aux yeux de certains provient moins d’une mise en doute que de la multiplicité de ses aspects. L’optique varie suivant que l’on célèbre l’écrivain russe au nom de son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Górki — (meaning hills ) may refer to the following places in Poland: *Górki, a district of the town of Lędziny *Górki, Kuyavian Pomeranian Voivodeship (north central Poland) *Górki, Parczew County in Lublin Voivodeship (east Poland) *Górki, Bytów County …   Wikipedia

  • Gorki — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Gorki peut désigner : Maxime Gorki (1868 1936), écrivain russe Le Parc Gorki de Moscou Le roman du même nom, signé Martin Cruz Smith Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gorki — may refer to: Gorki, Russia, name of several inhabited localities in Russia Gorki (band), originally named Gorky , Belgian band of Luc De Vos See also Gorki (Kazan Metro), a station of the Kazan Metro, Kazan, Russia Gorky (disambiguation) Górki… …   Wikipedia

  • Górki — Górki …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gorki — Forma tradicional adaptada a la ortografía española del nombre con el que desde 1932 hasta 1990 se conocía la ciudad de Nizni Nóvgorod, por ser la ciudad natal del escritor Máximo Gorki: «Fue justamente su crítica a la invasión soviética a ese… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Gorki — v. de Russie. V. Nijni Novgorod. Gorki (Alexeï Maximovitch Pechkov, dit Maxime) (1868 1936) écrivain russe. Il relata son existence d orphelin vagabond dans une trilogie (Ma vie d enfant, 1913 1914; En gagnant mon pain, 1915 1916; Mes universités …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gorki — (izg. gȏrki), Maksim (Aleksej Maksimovič Pješkov) (1868 1936) DEFINICIJA ruski književnik, agitira protiv carizma i priklanja se revolucionarnim narodnjacima (u emigraciji 1906 1913), u nekim razdobljima pristaša komunističkih revolucionara,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Gorki — Gorki, Flecken im russischen Gouvernement Mogilew im Kreise Orscha, an der Protwa, landwirthschaftliches Institut; 5000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Górki — Górki, Kreisstadt im russ. Gouv. Mohilew, an der Pronja (zum Sosch), 32 km von der Eisenbahn Moskau Warschau entfernt, mit 6 griechisch katholischen und einer römisch kath. Kirche, einer Synagoge und (1897) 6730 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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